ざざのたびにっき



Bulbs and Plants of the World - Growing Lilies from Seed

Lilium can be grown from seed. This is the most satisfactory way to build up a collection quickly. Seed from the species will come true to type; but there can be some variation within the hybrids. Hybrids are doubtful to produce flowers which look like the relative plant, and most likely there will be some variation such as colour, height or even form.

Recently, I have had the opportunity to get some Lilium seed from two sources.

The first is the New Zealand Lily Society and then also the Victorian Lily and Bulb Group, which is an aftermath of the old Australian Lilium Society. This was a wonderful Society of which I was a member for a few years, before I took ill. Unfortunately they no longer exist, which is sad, as their Monthly Bulletin/Newsletters were always full of useful and interesting tips from some of the best Lilium growers in Australia.

It is always a pity to see good organisations go down but the Victorian Group has continued to maintain monthly events and so in December I am off to have a look at their Lilium show, which is being held at a member痴 home.

In the meantime I experimented with different ways to get seed to germinate. Their has been some discussion on the Lily Site about germination and although I have successfully used the Flotation method with other species through the years, I had never sown Lilium in anything other than potting mix. I set about using a few different methods and mediums which included:

Peat Moss

This method was very successful and the seeds, roots and leaves were very easy to see and extract.

Sphagnum

This method was also successful but I found that it was possible for the roots to get entangled in the moss and it was difficult to extract them without breaking. If using Sphagnum, make sure it is chopped up very finely.

Water

(flotation) This is an excellent method to use. Some of the seed may not germinate and some may even develop a fungus growth. It is easy to see this and remove any seed not wanted.

Wet paper

This was also an interesting way to germinate the Lily seed. It is important not to let the paper get dry and there is the chance that the root might grow into the paper. It is very important that you do not break the growing roots as you inspect or remove the seed.

Under Wet paper

This was similar to above and gave the same results. The paper was stained with brown colour after a few days which had leached out of the seed coating because of the water. It may be that the coating is a germination inhibitor and that soaking removes this possibility. This is only a personal comment;some types of seed do need soaking before germination but I doubt that this is the case with Lilium.

Potting mix

This is by far the easiest method to use, especially with Trumpets, Aurelians and Asiatics, as they germinate very easily. With the delayed hypogeal species like Orientals and Martagons, it may be best to start them in some type of medium like peat or sphagnum moss.

Although all methods did work, the conclusion is that potting mix is the favourable way, because eventually they will have to grow on in potting mix anyway.

The exception to the rule would possibly be the Martagon species and the harder species which are slow. With these methods, you can actually watch their progress as they grow. To show this, included is a photo of a Martagon seed that germinated on wet paper within 4 weeks and it has developed a nice little bulb.

With the peat moss and sphagnum moss, moisten it and then squeeze out the excess water and put about a cupful in a zip lock bag. Then add a small quantity of seed to each bag and seal them; mine were then stored inside in my seed room, on shelves.

They were checked regularly until most had germinated, then transferred to normal pots. I have read that it is better to keep the bags slightly open but my experience was that it really doesn稚 matter. The only seeds I haven稚 potted on are the Martagons, which I will continue in the moss to watch the bulbs increase in size. It is also recommended that the Martagons be given a cold spell of 12 weeks in the fridge to help maintain their growing pattern. After they have developed a nice little bulb, it is best to give them a small amount of Liquid fertiliser to help them grow on. Lilium seeds are divided into two groups, generally referred to as slow or quick germinating (hypogeal and epigeal, respectively). Slow germinating seeds require a warm period to make them germinate (summer), a cold rest period (winter), then another warm period to initiate them into leaf production (spring). It could take eighteen months or more before the first tiny leaf is produced. It is probable that this will be the only leaf produced in that season, so it should be carefully protected, as it will be helping to develop the first tiny bulb.

Quick germinating varieties on the other hand, send up a narrow seed leaf [cotyledon) immediately after germination, at the bottom of which the tiny bulb develops. This should take only three to six weeks in spring time, and true leaves will follow fairly quickly.

And then, of course, we could use Tissue Culture or Scaling to increase our stock of plants. We will leave this to discuss another time.

I hope you learned something new from this article. If you need yard maintenance, check out Portland Tree Trimming services.





----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





Moving Antiques

When thinking about moving any antique you must give the situation of the act of moving grater thought than at other times. Just like moving your heirlooms or valuable art, you should consider a Professional Moving Service, first. This option gives you the security of a professional who is licensed to move antiques and it gives a licensed company that can ensure your items. In this case, you would have to make sure the company you choose has enough liability insurance to cover your antique. In this case, you would not want any insurance which would only cover a part of the antique痴 actual worth.

When using a professional mover you will want to do the following:

However, if you are moving the antique yourself you would do the following;

  1. Get the antique appraised
  2. Provide insurance coverage through you home owner痴 insurance or some other third party insurer.
  3. Give the antique a thorough cleaning.
  4. Make sure you have enough moving pads as well as heavy-duty moving belts
  5. A heavy-duty dolly
  6. Several strong friends to help you if the antiques are either large pieces or heavy pieces
  7. Use the truck lift to load the antique onto the truck and to unload it once you get to your destination.

Appraisers do charge for their services and thus this extra cost will increase you moving budget allowances. This is an unavoidable expense when it comes to moving Antiques.

You can request your antiques moved by a professional moving company, such as US Border Movers across the United States and Mexico.





----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





Moving Resources - Moving Yourself

Even though we are always trying to avoid having to move ourselves, often the circumstances, whether time or money, demand that we do. Not to worry, there are many places that rent moving trucks to help you from one home to another.

If you consider when you leave your home to go on vacation and that sinking feeling rises that you have forgotten something様eft the iron on, the water running, etc葉his same feeling when you are moving yourself is twofold. You have to make sure that you have left your old home in the condition that you said you would, that everything is securely on the truck, and that everything will be as it should be when you get to your new home.

Fear not. US Borders Movers has a list of ideas for those of you who are in the precarious position of having to move yourself.

Before Moving Day

Renting the Truck:

There will be a walkaround by you and one of the rental company employees. You will be held accountable for any damage that is not written on this sheet. So be sure to note every little flaw.

Moving Music:

Many moving trucks are only equipped with the barest essentials, often without a tape deck or CD player, sometimes even without FM radio. Check your particular truck and decide if you can travel that far without some good tunes or talk radio. Buying a small radio might be a good investment.

Truck Repair Kit:

Buy some of your own windshield wiper fluid, anti-freeze or coolant, and oil. This truck will be pulling a heavy load and it might need more than just gas to get there.

Truck Rental:

If you are towing a vehicle behind your rental truck, make sure the trailer you are pulling has a working tow package. This means that the brake lights, tail lights, blinkers, and trailer brakes are all in working order.

Driving Route:

Before you even drive one foot, get your mind ready to be thinking about overpasses. This is a common problem with rental trucks as people are not used to looking for low clearance. If you go under a low clearance bridge that you will not clear, it will destroy the truck. And you will be left holding the bill.

One More Day:

It is a smart idea to compare the pricing difference if you kept the truck one extra day, in the cases when you池e doing a long distance trip, like when someone is moving to Puerto vallarta. People often underestimate how draining the whole moving process can be, and if you are hurrying all day so that you can return the truck by five, you will most likely make extra work on yourself by not moving the right things to the right room. Find out what it would be worth to you to be able to take breaks, go at a nice pace, and take the truck back the next day. It could be such a small amount that it will be worth it to pay for the extra time and have the option to be tired and work smartly.

Smart Way to Pack:

Pack the heavy stuff toward the front of the truck, i.e. the part of the truck closest to the cab. If you can, pack such that what you want to come off first is put on last. Also put anything that you may need to get to quickly, like overnight gear, right inside the door.

How to Park the Truck:

If you are moving/traveling on multiple nights, make sure to park your truck smartly. Find a wall or a tree or some otherwise immovable place where you can back the truck right up close. This way, if someone happens to break into your truck, they won't be able to get many items out.

Padlock:

Buy a lock so that you can secure the back door to your truck.

Unloading: Often rental trucks have a pullout ramp for loading and unloading. This ramp is narrow and typically made of aluminum. Be careful that you don't fall off either side when carrying heavy objects. Also, these ramps can become very slick if they even get a little bit wet. Carpet scraps and rags are great to minimize slipping.

Let's enjoy this world with me!
ざざのたびにっき 本サイト内の文章および写真、画像の無断転載を禁じます。
Copyright 2001-2004 Hiroshi Takizawa. All Rights Reserved.